Research Article| Volume 2, ISSUE 1, P65-68, July 1970

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Bone and its reconstruction

  • J.M. Zarek
    Requests for reprints should be addressed to:—Professor J. M. Zarek, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey.
    University of Surrey, Guildford, UK
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      Plastics and metals for the repair or partial replacement of bones have been studied quite intensively in terms of their behaviour in the human body. Bone itself seems to have received less attention because of the large number of parameters which must be taken into consideration when trying to specify a problem for investigation. The present paper analytically reviews the present-day state of knowledge of bone as an engineering material. The concept of bone being a two-phase composite material is described and its anisotropic character stressed. The mechanism of fracture of bone at different straining rates is discussed. Finally, points to be observed in osteosynthetic procedures are enumerated.
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