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Repair of multiple hand defects with superficial circumflex iliac artery perforator flap

Published:January 14, 2023DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2023.01.016

      Abstract

      Background

      Reconstruction and repair of multiple defects in the hand is a combination of function, sensation and aesthetics. The reconstruction using the superficial circumflex iliac artery perforator flap has become popular, which overcomes the inherent shortcomings of traditional inguinal flaps by preserving the deep fascia. In this report, we present our experience in the design and clinical application of the superficial circumflex iliac artery perforator flap, which we used to repair multiple defects in the hand.

      Methods

      From January 2015 to December 2020, 41 patients received free superficial circumflex iliac artery perforator flap to repair multiple hand defects. All flaps were carefully designed according to the hand defect including 21 single and 20 bilobed flaps. The area of ​​the donor area is 2.5 cm × 3.0cm∼8.0 cm × 6.5 cm. We followed up all patients regularly and completed standardized assessments of outcomes based on post-reconstruction hand function and esthetic scores.

      Results

      41 cases of flaps survived completely.3 cases of vascular crisis was relieved after surgical exploration, 1 case of mild distal necrosis was healed after dressing change, 1 case of pigmentation happened. There were 41 patients, 27 males and 14 females, with an average age of 40.5 years (4 to 59 years old). The defects included 20 cases opisthenars and 21 cases palms. The wounds were irregular, with exposed or damaged tendons, nerves or bones. All flaps were followed for a mean of 10.5 months (3 to 15 months). The functional and esthetic outcomes were satisfactory for all flaps without complications such as hand spasms, adhesions and scar contractures

      Conclusion

      The superficial circumflex iliac artery perforator flap's donor site was concealed, relatively stable perforators, easy dissection. Recipient site condition was good and acceptable for the patients. It is a significant choice for multiple hand defects.

      Key words

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