- •Pediatric wounding patterns varied by age and intent of injury (suicide, homicide, unintentional injury).
- •Most pediatric suicide victims had injuries to the head and were dead on scene.
- •Children with homicide and unintentional deaths had more wounding pattern variation and far fewer died on scene.
- •Public health strategies for firearm injuries should be tailored to pediatrics based on age, intent of firearm use, and wounding pattern.
Purchase one-time access:Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
One-time access price info
- For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
- For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'
Fatal injury and violence data | WISQARS | injury center | CDC. Published February 10, 2022. Accessed May 15, 2022. https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/fatal.html.
- Shooting at elementary school devastates community in south texas.The New York Times. 2022; (Published May 24Accessed June 2, 2022)
10 people killed and 3 wounded in shooting at a buffalo supermarket - the new York times. Accessed June 2, 2022. https://www.nytimes.com/live/2022/05/14/nyregion/buffalo-shooting.
- Changes in US mass shooting deaths associated with the 1994-2004 federal assault weapons ban: Analysis of open-source data.J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2019; 86: 11-19https://doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000002060
- Current causes of death in children and adolescents in the United States.N Engl J Med. 2022; 386: 1955-1956https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMc2201761
- The major causes of death in children and adolescents in the United States.N Engl J Med. 2018; 379: 2468-2475https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMsr1804754
- Violent death rates: the US compared with other high-income OECD countries, 2010.Am J Med. 2016; 129: 266-273https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2015.10.025
- Childhood firearm injuries in the United States.Pediatrics. 2017; 140 (Pediatrics. 2017;140(4):e20172298)e20163486https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2017-2298
- Fatal wounding pattern and causes of potentially preventable death following the pulse night club shooting event.Prehospital Emerg Care Off J Natl Assoc EMS Phys Natl Assoc State EMS Dir. 2018; 22: 662-668https://doi.org/10.1080/10903127.2018.1459980
- Eliminating preventable death on the battlefield.Arch Surg Chic Ill 1960. 2011; 146: 1350-1358https://doi.org/10.1001/archsurg.2011.213
- Died of wounds on the battlefield: causation and implications for improving combat casualty care.J Trauma. 2011; 71: S4-S8https://doi.org/10.1097/TA.0b013e318221147b
- Patterns of anatomic injury in critically injured combat casualties: a network analysis.Sci Rep. 2019; 9: 13767https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-50272-3
- Wounding patterns based on firearm type in civilian public mass shootings in the United States.J Am Coll Surg. 2019; 228: 228-234https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2018.11.014
- Injury characteristics of the Pulse Nightclub shooting: lessons for mass casualty incident preparation.J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2020; 88: 372-378https://doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000002574
- Incidence and cause of potentially preventable death after civilian public mass shooting in the US.J Am Coll Surg. 2019; 229: 244-251https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2019.04.016
- The profile of wounding in civilian public mass shooting fatalities.J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2016; 81: 86-92https://doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000001031
- Preventable death and interpersonal violence in the United States: who can be saved?.J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2019; 87: 200-204https://doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000002336
- A profile of combat injury.J Trauma. 2003; 54: S13-S19https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ta.0000057151.02906.27
- An analysis of prehospital deaths: who can we save?.J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2014; 77: 213-218https://doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000000292
- Comparison of the causes of death and wounding patterns in urban firearm-related violence and civilian public mass shooting events.J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2020; 88: 310-313https://doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000002470
- Pediatric firearm injuries: Anatomy of an epidemic.Surgery. 2020; 168: 381-384https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surg.2020.02.023
- Firearm-related injury and death in the United States: a call to action from 8 health professional organizations and the American Bar Association.Ann Intern Med. 2015; 162: 513-516https://doi.org/10.7326/M15-0337
- APSA board of governors. Firearm injuries and children: position statement of the American Pediatric Surgical Association.Pediatrics. 2019; 144https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-3058
- International network for epidemiology in policy (Formerly known as IJPC-SE). The role of epidemiology in firearm violence prevention: a Policy Brief.Int J Epidemiol. 2018; 47: 1015-1019https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyy059
- Pediatric firearm mortality in the United States, 2010 to 2016: a National Trauma Data Bank analysis.J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2020; 88: 402-407https://doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000002573
- Civilian gunshot wounds to the head: prognostic factors affecting mortality: meta-analysis of 1774 patients.J Neurotrauma. 2018; 35: 2605-2614https://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2018.5682
- Who are the owners of firearms used in adolescent suicides?.Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2010; 40: 609-611https://doi.org/10.1521/suli.2010.40.6.609
- Characteristics of infant homicides: findings from a U.S. multisite reporting system.Pediatrics. 2009; 124: e210-e217https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2008-3675
- The role of intimate partner violence in homicides of children aged 2-14 years.Am J Prev Med. 2019; 56: 38-46https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.08.028
- Sociodemographic factors and outcomes by intent of firearm injury.Pediatrics. 2021; 147e2020011957https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2020-011957
- The disturbing findings of pediatric firearm injuries from the national trauma data bank: 2010-2016.J Surg Res. 2021; 259: 224-229https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2020.05.096
- Parental misperceptions about children and firearms.Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2006; 160: 542-547https://doi.org/10.1001/archpedi.160.5.542
- Adapting safety check as a universal suicide prevention strategy in pediatric primary care.Acad Pediatr. 2021; 21: 1161-1170https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acap.2021.04.012
- Quantifying the need for pediatric REBOA: a gap analysis.J Pediatr Surg. 2021; 56: 1395-1400https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2020.09.011