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Anterior superior iliac spine distraction for severe and recalcitrant diabetic foot ulcers

Published:December 01, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2022.11.070

      Abstract

      Purpose

      The study aimed to introduce anterior superior iliac spine distraction to treat severe and recalcitrant diabetic foot ulcers. For comparison, we also included another group of diabetic foot ulcers treated with proximal tibial cortex transverse distraction.

      Methods

      From February 1998 to February 2020, 87 patients (87 feet) with severe and recalcitrant diabetic foot ulcers were treated. The mean age of patients at surgery was 64 years (range, 47 to 87 years). The severity of the narrowed artery was assessed using the ankle-brachial index test. For comparison, another group of 91 patients (91 diabetic foot ulcers) treated with proximal tibial cortex transverse distraction was included.

      Results

      The mean preoperative ankle-brachial indexes of the two groups were 0.41±0.07 and 0.39±0.05 (OR 0.65 [95% CI -0.77 to 1.58]; P=0.62), respectively. The mean preoperative limb pain was 3.42±2.84 cm and 3.52±3.11 cm (OR 1.54 [95% CI -077 to 1.35]; P=0.083), respectively. At the 2-year follow-up visit, ulcers healed in 72 (83%) and 74 (81%) patients, respectively (P=0.188). The mean postoperative limb pain was 0.52±0.23 cm and 0.49±0.41 cm (OR 2.32 [95% CI -0.27 to 1.66]; P=0.078), respectively. Pin-site infection occurred in 2 patients and 8 patients (P=0.09), respectively. Ulcer recurrence occurred in 13 (15%) patients and 15 (16%) patients (P=0.205), respectively.

      Conclusions

      Anterior superior iliac spine transverse distraction may be an effective alternative treatment for severe and recalcitrant diabetic foot ulcers. It may be associated with fewer distraction-site complications than proximal tibial cortex transverse distraction.

      Level of evidence

      Therapeutic study, Level IIa.

      Keywords

      Abbreviations:

      ASISD (anterior superior iliac spine distraction), PTCTD (Proximal tibial cortex transverse distraction), DFU (Diabetic foot ulcer)
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