- •The intramedullary nailing does not improve the union rate or decrease the incidence of mechanical complications for patients with extremity sarcoma after biological reconstruction, which is different from the traumatic fracture.
- •The intramedullary nailing may have potential advantages on the service life for the biological reconstruction after extremity sarcoma resection.
- •The compression effect of the plate can increase the graft union for the biological reconstruction after tumor resection compared to the intramedullary nailing.
This is a retrospective study that evaluate the outcome of patients with extremity sarcoma between extramedullary plate and intramedullary nailing for the biological reconstruction after tumor resection.
58 patients (40 treated with plate fixation and 18 with intramedullary nailing, IM group) with sarcomas of the lower and upper extremity who received biological reconstruction at our bone tumor center from November 2003 to November 2015 were reviewed for the study. There were 29 male and 29 female patients with a mean age of 20.8 years (range, 5–72 years). The mean follow-up duration was 90.8 months (range, 12.2–244.4 months). All data were obtained from the clinical, radiograph records and follow-up information. The analysis of outcome, survival, local recurrence, function and complications of patients in the plate group and IM group was performed.
28 cases in the plate group lived at the last follow-up, of which 26 had no evidence of disease, 2 lived with the pulmonary metastasis, whereas 15 in the IM group lived at the last follow-up, of which all had no evidence of disease and no lived with the pulmonary metastasis. There was no significant difference between the two groups for the prognosis. Meanwhile, there was no significant difference of incidence of nonunion, graft fracture and fixation breakage between the two groups, whereas the time to diaphysis union in the plate group (11.6 ± 2.7 months) was shorter than that in IM group (14.7 ± 4.8 months, P = 0.015). It had the tendency that the time to mechanical complications in the intramedullary nailing group (38.1 ± 39.6 months) was longer than that in the plate group (15.7 ± 13.4 months, P = 0.058,95% CI,-45.6–0.8). Furthermore, the infection occurred in 12 cases and five grafts of them developed the deep infection and the mean time to deep infection was 14.8 ± 20.5 months. Furthermore, the incidence of local recurrence for the patients who had plate fixation was similar to the incidence of patients who had nailing fixation. At the last follow-up, the functional evaluation was performed for 39 patients. There was no significant difference in MSTS and VAS functional score for patients between in the plate group (n = 32) and IM group (n = 7).
The findings of the present study showed that intramedullary nailing does not improve the union rate or decrease the incidence of mechanical complications for patients with extremity sarcoma after biological reconstruction. However, intramedullary nailing may have potential advantages on the service life for the biological reconstruction after extremity sarcoma resection.
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Published online: February 06, 2019
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