Tibial plateau fracture is a hot topic in orthopaedic traumatology in recent years worldwide. Tibial plateau fracture patterns can be classified by its different characteristics, including the anatomic involvement (medial/lateral condyle, column, quadrant, segment), fracture type (split/depression), mechanism (varus/valgus, axial/rotational, flexion/extension, hyper-flexion/hyper-extension,), soft tissue injury (meniscus, ligaments, neurovascular structures), and fracture-subluxation/dislocation of the knee. Integrated classification combines the above features to provide full description of fracture patterns and injury degrees has been attempted, but found to be too complicated to use in clinical practice.
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Published online: January 14, 2019
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