Patellar dislocation and rupture of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) are frequently seen in daily orthopedic practice. Besides initial non-surgical treatment, surgery and subsequent rehabilitation are crucial for restoring stability in the femoropatellar joint. This study investigated current rehabilitation strategies after patellar dislocation because knowledge on this topic has been severely limited so far.
Materials and methods
The current rehabilitation protocols of 42 orthopedic and trauma surgical institutions were analyzed regarding their recommendations on weight bearing, range of motion (ROM), and use of movement devices and orthosis. All protocols for conservative treatment and postoperative rehabilitation after MPFL reconstruction were compared. Descriptive and statistical analyses were carried out when appropriate.
The different rehabilitation strategies for conservative and surgical treatment after patellar dislocation showed a tendency towards earlier functional rehabilitation after surgical MPFL reconstruction than after conservative treatment. Both surgical and conservative treatment involved initial restrictions in weight bearing, ROM, and use of movement devices and orthosis at the beginning of rehabilitation. The rehab protocols showed a significant earlier full weight bearing after surgical MPFL reconstruction (p > 0.001). Due to the presence of other parameters for early functional treatment, the absence of an indication for using orthosis (surgical: 44%, conservative: 33%; p = 0.515) or start of unlimited ROM of the knee (surgical: 4.9 weeks, conservative: 5.7 weeks; p = 0.076) showed by trend an earlier functional strategy after MPFL reconstruction than after conservative therapy.
Both conservative and surgical treatment after patellar dislocation showed restrictions in the early phase of the rehabilitation. Earlier functional therapy was more common after MPFL reconstruction than after conservative treatment. Further clinical and biomechanical studies on rehabilitation strategies after patellar dislocation are needed to improve patient care und individualized therapy.
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Published online: January 17, 2019
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