Research Article| Volume 42, ISSUE 10, P1084-1087, October 2011

Cattle associated trauma – A one year prospective study of all injuries



      To prospectively study all types and frequency of injuries resulting from direct contact with cattle in an occupational setting.


      Prospective evaluation of all injuries due to direct contact with cattle presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) of a rural District General Hospital over a one year period.


      Injuries related to cattle were a common reason for presentation to the ED. Some clear patterns of injury were noted. Injuries to the upper extremity were particularly common, especially the hand and wrist and were associated with particular activities and mechanisms. Truncal injuries were less common but do have the potential for serious morbidity and mortality as noted in previous studies.


      Injuries related to direct contact with cattle are common. We noted an as yet unreported common pattern of injury to the hands of workers kicked whilst handling cattle at milking time. We also noted the previously recognized potential for serious injury due to more proximal body trauma whilst working with large animals. Whilst there is some work available pertaining to injury prevention in this industry, our study demonstrates a need for further work to be done to minimize and prevent future injuries.


      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Injury
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


      1. Agricultural Production Statistics. June 2009 (final).

      2. Beef finishing and dairy beef.

        • Bentley T.
        • Moore D.
        • Tappin D.
        • et al.
        Investigating slips, trips and falls in the New Zealand dairy farming sector.
        Ergonomics. 2005; 48: 1008-1019
        • Boyle D.
        • Gerberich S.G.
        • Gibson R.W.
        • et al.
        Injury from dairy cattle activities.
        Epidemiology. 1997; 8: 37-41
        • Casey G.M.
        • Grant A.M.
        • Roerig D.S.
        • et al.
        Farm worker injuries associated with cows, New York State 1991–1996.
        Am Assoc Occup Health Nurses J. 1997; 45: 446-450
        • Dogan K.H.
        • Demirci S.
        • Erkol Z.
        • et al.
        Injuries and deaths occurring as a result of bull attack.
        J Agromed. 2008; 13: 191-196
      3. Fatalities Caused by Cattle – Four States., vol. 58 (29);800 2003–2008.

        • Hendricks K.J.
        • Adekoya N.
        Non-fatal animal related injuries to youth occurring on farms in the United States, 1998.
        Inj Prev. 2001; 7: 307-311
        • Isaacs S.G.
        • Powers L.A.
        • Lineberry G.T.
        • Scharf T.
        Enhancing cattle handling safety with the work crew performance model.
        J Agric Saf Health. 2008; 14: 261-271
        • Langley R.L.
        • Hunter J.L.
        Occupational fatalities due to animal-related events.
        Wilderness Environ Med. 2001; 12: 168-174
        • Murphy C.G.
        • McGuire C.M.
        • O’Malley N.
        • Harrington P.
        Cow-related trauma: a 10-year review of injuries admitted to a single institution.
        Injury, Int J Care Injured. 2010; 41: 548-550
      4. New Zealand income survey., June 2009.

        • Nogalski A.
        • Jankiewicz L.
        • Cwik G.
        • et al.
        Animal related injuries treated at the Department of Trauma and Emergency Medicine, Medical University of Lublin.
        Ann Agric Environ Med. 2007; 14: 57-61
        • Roman-Muniz I.N.
        • Van Metre D.C.
        • Garry F.B.
        • et al.
        Training methods and association with worker injury on Colorado dairies: a survey.
        J Agromed. 2006; 11: 19-26
      5. Statistics New Zealand, Census 2006.