Paediatric pelvic fractures have been infrequently reviewed. The study was performed to highlight the unique features of pelvic fractures in children.
Patients and methods
A 14-year retrospective study was undertaken of all patients treated for a pelvic fracture at our institute.
Thirty-nine children were included. The mean Injury Severity Score (ISS) was 17.1 (range 4–75). Simple ring fractures were the most common type (46%), dominated by pedestrian versus motor vehicle trauma (58.9%). A pelvic fracture was evident on the initial plain radiographs of all 39 children. Further radiographic investigations (12 CTs and 1 MRI) were undertaken in 13 (33%) of the children. Additional posterior ring fractures were identified in 9. A total of 32 children (82%) sustained one or more associated injuries. Head injuries accounted for 25% and orthopaedic/skeletal injuries for 33% of all associated injuries. Fourteen children required a total of 24 acute surgical procedures. Mean out-pateint clinical follow-up was for 27 months (range 3–85). There was one mortality in this series. Eight children (20%) suffered long term sequale.
Paediatric pelvic fractures differ from their adult counterpart in aetiology, fracture type, and associated injury pattern. They represent a reliable marker for severe trauma. Prospective studies are required to define optimal treatment guidelines, particularly in older children.
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Accepted: August 3, 2010
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