In a case–control study, 99 patients aged over 60 years and admitted to hospital with an isolated single fracture of the pubic ramus were compared with age- and gender-matched patients without fractures, in terms of morbidity and mortality. Ten years of follow-up showed that the survival of patients with an isolated pubic ramus fracture was significantly lower than that of controls. The mortality rates of patients with isolated pubic ramus fractures at 1, 5 and 10 years were 24.7%, 64.4% and 93.8%, respectively. One-third of the mortality was due to cardiovascular events. A 20.2% complication rate was found during hospital admission, mainly caused by infectious diseases, including urinary tract infection and pneumonia. Thirty-three percent of the patients were temporarily or permanently admitted to a nursing home, because they were unable to mobilise independently.
In conclusion, our study found significant morbidity and mortality among patients admitted to hospital for an isolated pubic ramus fracture, both during hospital admission and during 10 years of follow-up.
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Accepted: December 17, 2009
© 2009 Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.